LEAD: Japan, Mexico foreign ministers discuss climate change, trade accordUnited States
Japanese Foreign Minister Katsuya Okada and his Mexican counterpart Patricia Espinosa held talks in Tokyo on Monday on cooperation for the success of the next U.N. climate conference to be held in Mexico, and the review of a bilateral free trade agreement, Japanese officials said.
Okada and Espinosa were set to discuss what would constitute a desirable outcome for the upcoming climate talks, according to the officials.
The Mexican foreign secretary, who arrived in Japan earlier in the day, also told a lecture meeting at the United Nations University just before meeting with Okada that she expects the upcoming climate talks to reach an "agreement on a broad and balanced package that serves as a framework for collective action."
Espinosa, who will chair the next round of key U.N. climate meetings in Cancun between late November and early December, said at the university in Tokyo that talks have been "on the right path" as both developed and emerging nations have committed to actions to mitigate climate change.
"However, the commitments that countries have assumed for the stabilization of greenhouse gas emissions have not reached at all levels that the science tells us are required," Espinosa said.
"On the basis of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, we must all increase our level of ambitions," she added.
The foreign secretary also said it is critical for developed countries to implement their commitments to offer aid worth $30 billion to help poor nations grapple with the impact of climate change to "build up confidence" in the run-up to the Cancun meeting.
Rich nations pledged to offer the so-called "fast-start financing" covering a three-year period through 2012 during the last U.N. climate conference in Copenhagen in December.
The U.N. negotiations involving 194 countries are aimed at crafting a new legally binding framework to tackle climate change beyond 2012, as the current commitment period for developed countries to slash greenhouse gas emissions under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol will expire that year.
But many climate negotiators have said it is unlikely that an accord on a legally binding text will be struck at the Cancun talks.
Espinosa told the lecture meeting that countries should "for the moment concentrate on the specific actions" that need to be taken to curb global warming, while keeping "an open mind" on the shape of a future legal framework to combat climate change.
She recommended putting off the issue of legal architecture in the negotiations as the matter is a bone of contention between developed countries, which are seeking a comprehensive framework involving all major emitters, and developing nations, which favor new emissions-cut obligations in line with the Kyoto Protocol.
Under the Kyoto pact, only developed countries are required to slash emissions. With the United States having withdrawn from the treaty, emissions by countries that are parties to the protocol only account for around 30 percent of the world's total CO2 emissions.
On the economic front, Japan and Mexico have been reviewing their free trade agreement, which took effect in April 2005, to further boost bilateral trade and investment.
The fresh negotiations cover improving market access for Mexican farm products such as pork, orange juice, beef and poultry.
Espinosa is scheduled to meet with Environment Minister Sakihito Ozawa Tuesday morning before she leaves Japan, the officials said.
El contenido de las noticias que se presentan en esta sección es responsabilidad directa de las agencias emisoras de noticias y no necesariamente reflejan la posición del Gobierno de México en este u otros temas relacionados.
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