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UN chief urges G20 leaders to focus on development, green growth

China
China Daily
22/06/2010

AGENCIAS INTERNACIONALES - UN chief urges G20 leaders to focus on development, green growth
Dirigente de las Naciones Unidas hace un llamado a los líderes del G20 a concentrarse en desarrollo, crecimiento verde.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Monday urged leaders of the Group of 20 (G20) to focus their incoming summit on development and green growth in promoting global economic recovery.

"Based on our collective experience, the best way to enhance the framework for strong, sustainable and balanced economic growth is to put development front and centre, and to invest in a green economic recovery for all," Ban said in an open letter to the leaders.

Leaders of the Group of 20 (G20) industrial and emerging countries will gather in Toronto, Canada, on June 26-27 to discuss ways to consolidate the recovery of the world economy and the reform of the international financial system in the aftermath of the global financial crisis.

Ban said that high unemployment, rising food and commodity prices, and persistent inequalities have contributed to a substantial rise in hunger, poverty and associated social tensions.

"Now, more than ever, investments for the world's poorest are necessary to recover lost ground in pursuit of development objectives, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)," he said.The world body will convene a summit on the MDGs in September, where world leaders will commit to concrete actions in order to achieve the MDGs by 2015. "I urge world leaders to take decisive action to put an end to the shameful reality of maternal and child deaths," he said.

The world body will convene a summit on the MDGs in September, where world leaders will commit to concrete actions in order to achieve the MDGs by 2015. "I urge world leaders to take decisive action to put an end to the shameful reality of maternal and child deaths," he said.

The secretary-general welcomed the G20 intention to broaden its focus to include development in the coming months and at the Seoul Summit in November 2010. "Such an approach can help address food security and climate change, while ensuring job creation."

"Going forward, I encourage support for initiatives that will sustain recovery efforts while enhancing global economic stability, environmental sustainability and achievement of the MDGs," he said. AGENCIA OFICIAL DE NOTICIAS XINHUA

PRENSA INTERNACIONAL - Climate threatens food supply
Cambio climático amenaza el suministro de alimentos

Climate change and extreme weather events pose a grave challenge to the country's food supply, agricultural researchers have warned.

Gu Lianhong, a senior researcher with Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the US, said the lab's research had shown climate change will cause China's per capita grain output will dramatically drop after 2020, even taking technological progress into consideration.

The study suggests the projected geographical pattern of earth's surface temperature will dramatically increase in the late 21st century (2090-2099). This will cause more extreme weather and climate events to impact such industries as agriculture, Gu said.

He stressed that increasing droughts and heavy precipitation, more intense tropical cyclones and warmer days will very likely happen globally.

"These are all closely related with grain output," Gu said.

The researcher made the remarks on the sidelines of the International Forum on the Mitigation of Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD) in World Dryland, which ended over the weekend.

By the 2050s, freshwater availability in Central, South, East and Southeast Asia is projected to decrease, particularly in large river basins, Gu said. The regions' coastal areas, especially heavily populated mega deltas, will be at great risk due to increased flooding from the sea or rivers.

Because China is the world's most water-deficient country, climate change will definitely harm its agricultural production, Gu said.

The researcher's warning came as China is faced with a challenging grain situation this summer because of strong rainfalls in the south during the summer harvest season. Other problems include droughts in northern grain production areas and lingering low temperatures in the south.

In the past few years, the country has experienced more frequent extreme weather events against the backdrop of global climate change. These include severe droughts, ice storms, sandstorms and floods that harm the economy and security.

The severe drought in Southwest China, which has lasted since late 2009 and is one of the worst in decades, has affected about 8.3 million hectares of arable land. It also left at least 17.9 million people and 12.4 million heads of livestock facing water shortages as of this May, the Office of State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters said in a statement.

A report by McKinsey & Co released last year said extreme drought caused by a "high climate change scenario" could more than triple crop losses in Northeast China. They could reach 13.8 million metric tons, or 12 percent of the total, by 2030.

The average annual temperature in China has increased by 0.5 C to 0.8 C, a little higher than the global average, over the past 100 years and especially in the past five decades. But the country's precipitation volume did not change much during the period, China's National Climate Change Program said in June 2007.

The average temperature in China will possibly rise 1.3 C to 2.1 C from 2000 to 2020, increasing the risks of extreme weather and climate events in the country, the plan said.

China must maintain an annual grain output of 500 million tons to feed the nation's 1.3 billion people, the Ministry of Agriculture said.

The country's summer grain output rose six years in a row to exceed 123.35 million tons in 2009, 2.6 million tons more than the previous year. 

AGENCIA INTERNACIONAL - Climate change commitments 'missing' in G8 report
Los compromisos del cambio climático "ausentes" en el reporte del G8
WWF is critical of the G8 Accountability Report released Sunday for not measuring progress on one of the most substantial G8 development and climate change commitments to date: to limit temperature rise to an identified 2 degrees Centigrade threshold of dangerous climate change.

"If we don't limit global warming to as far below two degrees as possible, all development ambitions will be in serious danger," said Kim Carstensen, leader of WWF's Global Climate Initiative. "The G8 countries have yet to make sufficient emission cuts to reach this goal, and this accountability report should be assessing – not ignoring – this issue."

"This report indicates that the world's leading economies have yet to integrate climate change and development plans in a real and meaningful way."

The G8 stated in 2009 that they would "take the lead" to ensure global and national emission peaks could "take place as soon as possible." They recognized that an "increase in global average temperature" shouldn't "exceed 2 degrees C." This followed the Gleneagles 2005 commitment - also not included in the Accountability Report - to make "substantial reductions" to stabilize emission concentrations in the atmosphere "at a level that prevents dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system."

"If anything should be in the Accountability Report, even one focused on development, it should be climate change. The G8 – and now G20 – should be sending clear messages to the rest of the world that they are working to cut emissions to reduce impacts on the most vulnerable, and stimulate a low carbon economy for all."

Of 56 indicators, there are five in total on energy and the environment. The Report does include the UN Copenhagen Accord promise on fast-track and long-term financing – both UN decisions that require the leadership of the G8 and G20 respectively.

The Report also notes that the G8 will fail to meet its 2010 objectives on reducing the loss of biodiversity. A temperature rise of 2 degrees C would put 30% of biodiversity at risk. www.china.org.cn

 

El contenido de las noticias que se presentan en esta sección es responsabilidad directa de las agencias emisoras de noticias y no necesariamente reflejan la posición del Gobierno de México en este u otros temas relacionados. 

El contenido de las noticias que se presentan en esta sección es responsabilidad directa de las agencias emisoras de noticias y no necesariamente reflejan la posición del Gobierno de México en este u otros temas relacionados.

    

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