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Climate Change Talks Prove Inconclusive in Bonn


Germany hosted the most recent series of climate talks in Bonn where, as has been the case with most post-Copenhagen climate discussions, few decisions were made and even fewer promises upheld.

Pablo Solon, Bolivia's ambassador to the UN, who was present in Bonn, explained: "Nobody can say 'I'm going to solve this problem inside my borders.' That's not possible. If there is no global agreement, there is no solution."

The goal of the conference was to address plans to decrease global emissions, primarily among industrialized countries, and to close the gap between the Kyoto Protocol's inception in 1997 and decisive action which has yet to be seen in 2010.

Solon's key critique of the conference was a lack of responsibility by developed countries. At last year's Copenhagen conference, the industrial world pledged $100 billion per year until the year 2020, which comes to just about $20 a year per person. This promise has not yet materialized in capital.

According to Solon, the conference also brought to light the need for a global climate treaty. "You can limit [carbon output] and have zero emissions in your own country but if others keep polluting the air, than at the end, you're going to suffer the same consequences even though you've made a big effort. There has to be a global responsibility and a global agreement."

Unfortunately, a global agreement seems distant at this point. The results of the Bonn Conference were less than conclusive and merely outlined the next opportunity to continue talking about the issues in Cancun this coming November.

Dessima Williams, Chairperson of the Alliance of Small Island States for Grenada, who attended the Bonn Conference, told MediaGlobal, "Our strategy is to be prepared. To be prepared for progress and to be prepared for lack of progress, in the sense that we are working for very ambitious, deliberate and timely outcomes, but we also see like everybody else that there is a drawing back at the very time that we need much more definitive and assertive positions to be taken."

What attendees of the conference did agree on was a need for action. According to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC), Co2 levels must be reduced by up to 40 percent by the year 2020, and another 80 percent by 2050. If cuts are not made the global temperature could rise by 2 degrees, resulting in even more frequent natural disasters.

Pakistan has been the latest victim, as irreversible damage continues to mount in the wake of the country's worst-ever flood with death tolls nearing 1,500.

Solon said, "These events are going to happen to every one of us, it's a matter of time. Some, like Pakistan, will feel it first and others will feel it later. But the US should understand this. Katrina happened here, in the US, not in the developing world. And it will happen again because now the US is not making area effort to reduce its greenhouse gases here."

Will the US answer the calls of the climate talks before Cancun? Their recent Senate decision to drop a bill that would mandate caps on carbon emission suggests no, but as Cancun draws near, the pressure is on for concrete decisions. Solon added, "We only have one chance. We must take actions now to avoid a very dark future for all human kind for every country."


El contenido de las noticias que se presentan en esta sección es responsabilidad directa de las agencias emisoras de noticias y no necesariamente reflejan la posición del Gobierno de México en este u otros temas relacionados.


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