Climate talks, COP 16, begin in Cancun, MexicoNigeria
After months of stiff debate and negotiations, the much awaited United Nations Climate Change Conference that encompasses the sixteenth Conference of the Parties (COP16) and the sixth Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP) will begin today in Cancun, Mexico, and end on December 10, 2010.
The talks will also run together with the thirty-third sessions of the subsidiary bodies and the fifteenth session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP) and thirteenth session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA).
The world has this year been confronted with a series of disasters that have illustrated the vulnerability of all humanity to extreme climate events. These include the devastating floods in Pakistan and in Niger, the wildfires in Russia, and the mudslides in China. It is not possible to say with utmost scientific certainty that each of these is a direct climate change impact.
But if they are anything to go by, there has been much debate about climate science during 2010 and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has committed to strengthening a number of its processes and procedures.
The outcome of the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen was disappointing for some. But there are recent examples of how multilateral negotiations can deliver. In October, the world came together in Nagoya, Japan and agreed targets to protect the health of the planet by protecting biodiversity and agreeing a framework to share and protect nature’s resources.
The Mexico climate talks would discuss future commitments for industrialized countries under the Kyoto Protocol, the Conference of the Parties serving as the CMP established a working group in December 2005 called the Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP). In Copenhagen, at its fifth session, the CMP requested the AWG-KP to deliver the results of its work for adoption by CMP6 in Cancun.
At its thirteenth session in Bali, the Conference of the Parties launched a comprehensive process to enable the full, effective and sustained implementation of the Convention through long-term cooperative action, now, up to and beyond 2010, in order to reach an agreed outcome and adopt a decision at its fifteenth session in Copenhagen. This process has been conducted under the AWG-LCA. In Copenhagen, the COP decided to extend the mandate of the AWG-LCA to enable it to continue its work with a view to presenting the outcome to COP16 for adoption.
Specifically, majority of governments agree that Cancun can result in a politically balanced package of decisions and set of decisions that would build a structure for operationalising some key elements of the Bali Action Plan such as an adaptation framework to boost all aspects necessary for implementation, including assessments, planning and support; a technology mechanism to boost all aspects of technology cooperation and sharing between the North and the South; enhanced capacity-building with institutional arrangements; reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation in developing countries.
Experts also believe that some operational issues cannot advance without an overall agreement on a package of politically charged issues that includes continuation of the Kyoto Protocol; anchoring of mitigation pledges put forward by Parties in 2010 and the accompanying accountability; mobilization of long-term financing and the accompanying accountability, creation of a new fund to house long-term climate funding; response measures; and understanding of fairness that will guide long-term mitigation efforts.
El contenido de las noticias que se presentan en esta sección es responsabilidad directa de las agencias emisoras de noticias y no necesariamente reflejan la posición del Gobierno de México en este u otros temas relacionados.
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